Puppies have small bladders and need to be taken outside or in their litter box regularly, at least once every hour that they are awake. You definitely need to take your puppy to go potty as soon as she awakens in the morning, as soon as she’s done eating, right after vigorous play, and right before bedtime – trust me on this one!
You’ll need an ample amount of patience for this step. Once you take her to potty, you need to wait until your puppy relieves herself, and whenever she goes potty in the right place, you need to praise her lavishly and give her a treat to let her know that this is a good place to potty. The praise and treat are supremely important, especially if you take your puppy to potty outside! No animal wants to go outside to potty if it’s cold and raining outside, so you need to train her to enjoy going outside to potty regardless of the weather condition.
You probably also don’t want to have to take your puppy outside in the rain and cold, plus to save your time and sanity that’s where the puppy pads come in. Have a litter box lined a puppy pad and have your puppy stand in the box whenever it’s about time for her to potty and you don’t want to take her outside. When your puppy goes in the litter box, reward her generously! This will make her litter box trained and save you a lot of time and misery.
It helps if you take your puppy to the same spots every time. Don’t move the litter box and always have her go the same spot outside. Your puppy will associate the locations with pottying and will always want to go there to go to the bathroom.
For best results, you’ll need to do this for at least a month, but if you have the time and ability three months is best. As your puppy grows she’ll need to go less and less often so it’s not as bad as you suspect at first. Think of it as an investment to make sure there are no problems in the future!